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V-J Day 2013 editorial by Samuel E. Warren Jr.

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V-J Day

2013 !

TRINITY SHOT NUCLEAR TEST EXPLOSION JULY 16 1945 US GOVERNMENT PHOTO IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN

Trinity Shot

The Gadget” is the informal nickname of the first nuclear test explosion of the Manhattan Project conducted by the United States Army in the Jornada del Muerto desert about 35 miles southeast of Socorro, New Mexico, at the new White Sands Proving Ground, which incorporated the Alamogordo Bombing and Gunnery Range. In 2013, the site is now the White Sands Missile Range. The photograph was taken by Jack W. Aeby, July 16, 1945, as a member of the Special Engineering Detachment at Los Alamos laboratory, working under the aegis of the Manhattan Project. United States Government Photo in the Public Domain.

by Samuel E. Warren Jr.

 

Wednesday, August 14, 2013 – People should dance in the streets. Schools should be closed. People should be enraptured in song. Ticker tape should fall like snow out of city windows around the world. Children should be laughing, running and playing in the street.

 

The World should “Take The Day Off And Celebrate ! ”

 

Throughout the globe – The Party should spread. Fireworks should explode in the skies overhead. People should dance, laugh, sing and celebrate.

 

The celebration should have such energy that it lasts throughout the week and the rest of the month. Party Hardy !

 

68 Years ago today, World War II ended !

FotoSketcher - TRINITY SHOT NUCLEAR TEST EXPLOSION JULY 16 1945 US GOVERNMENT PHOTO IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN THUMBNAIL PHOTO ICON

 

Japan announced “Unconditional Surrender.” Guns went silent.

 

Alas, today, news telecasts might mention the fact. Newspapers might publish an article. A story might be published on the Internet to recognize The 68th Anniversary Of The End Of World War II.

 

A history professor at a university might remind her class or deliver a lecture about today’s date in World War II.

 

A military historian might take a World War II history book off the shelf and decide to observe today’s anniversary by clarification of some points in his research of the events that he plans for a lecture later in the week to veterans or students at a War College or an Air Command and Staff College.

 

A museum curator might pause at a World War II exhibit and take a moment to shine the collar brass on the uniform of the mannequin on display.

 

The museum curator she might even take a moment to remember her grandfather and grandmother’s stories about World War II and decide that she should get a cloth and polish up some of the medals on display.

 

The majority of The Citizens Of The World, if they even hear the news item, will simply shrug it off as “Ancient History.” People will brush off the anniversary as, “It’s history.”

 

The Importance Of World War II is, as of August 14, 2013, World War II still remains “The Deadliest Conflict In Human History !” More than 30 Nations Of The World were in A Total State Of War. Each sunrise meant more Death and Devastation.

 

The horrific cost of lives and property in World War II has determined the agenda for every War since. Nations fight “Conventional Wars”, in the belief, that No Nation will “Unleash Their Nuclear Arsenal” to end a War. To date, the belief has held, but, each new sun rise brings a challenge to The Nations Of The World.

 

The importance of War is The Fact that War is inevitable because human nature of individual humans does not change. The Lesson Of War is it is a force that will continue to end human lives and devastate the planet as long as people can not learn to live together.

 

Tuesday, August 14,1945 – President Of The United States Of America Harry S. Truman announces that Japan has surrendered unconditionally, ending World War II.

 

Wednesday, August 15,1945 – In Japan, news of The End Of The War causes people to take to the street. They are not in the mood to celebrate. They Lost. Riots break out.

 

The Kyūjō Incident is a last ditch effort by more than 1,000 Japanese Imperial Army soldiers to storm the Imperial Palace in Tokyo and stage a coup d’ ‘etat. They wanted to get the Imperial Proclamation and stop its transmission to the Allies. Imperial Army General Shizuichi Tanaka, Eastern District Army commander, responsible for the Tokyo and Yokohama area, at dawn, August 15, 1945, went to the Imperial Palace and ordered the soldiers to return to their barracks, which they did.

Major Kenji Hatanaka, Military Affairs Section, Japanese Ministry of War, is considered the mastermind of the coup. He led forces into The Imperial Palace to rummage for the Imperial Proclamation surrender recording. The Emperor was kept under “house arrest.”

Unable to locate the recording, Major Hatanaka and some of his troops went to the NHK Studios to attempt to prevent the surrender broadcast and get some air time to explain his actions at staging the coup. His message was not broadcast and his contingent left the studios. By 8 am., the coup was over.

The surrender speech had been recorded on a phonograph record and smuggled out of the palace in a laundry basket of women’s underwear.

Tuesday, August 14,1945 – News of the end of the War spreads through the air thanks to radio. Around the globe, on both sides of The International Date Line, celebrations break out.

 

New York City’s Time Square erupts in celebration and a photographer snaps a photograph of a happy sailor, who grabs a woman and kisses her.

 

America Cuts Loose” and the news causes people to celebrate. Half-a-decade of global conflict has ended. Revelry erupts.

 

Kisses and hugs are given out. Booze flows. Fists also get thrown. But, the celebrations across America are proof that citizens can return to their Lives and plan for the future. They can hug their kids and hope someday to have grand kids.

 

The War Is Over !

 

Back To The Present – Wednesday, August 14, 2013 –

 

The 68th Anniversary Of The End Of World War II will pass without much fanfare around the world because as time passes people move on with their lives and even monumental events of previous generations rest in scrapbooks, history books and photo albums to gather dust.

 

Today is Victory in Japan Day !

The day is also known as Victory over Japan Day, and Victory in the Pacific Day, and the common initials are V-J Day, or V-P Day.

The name chosen by The Allies for the day on which Japan surrenders, essentially ending World War II. The term V-J Day or V-P Day is applied to two days in August: August 14 and August 15.

The surrender announcement was broadcast on the afternoon of August 15, 1945, in Japan. The International Date Line and, time zone differences,means the announcement filled the airwaves August 14, 1945,when it was announced in the United States and the rest of the Americas and Eastern Pacific Islands.

The End of World War II proves The Ancient Lesson Of Warfare, which is you have to destroy your enemy.

The Allies had to destroy the munitions, equipment and manpower to fight the War. The Allies had to eliminate the motivational Will of the enemy to fight the War. “The Enemy” has to be so severely devastated they no longer have the ability to fight the War.

The Japanese Navy was the third largest navy in the world by 1920, behind the United Kingdom’s Royal Navy and the United States Navy.

In 1941, the Imperial Japanese Army had 51 divisions and a total of 1,700,000 men. By 1945, there were 5.5 million men in the Imperial Japanese Army.

 

In 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy possessed 10 battleships, 10 aircraft carriers, 38 cruisers (heavy and light), 112 destroyers, 65 submarines, and various auxiliary ships

 

The Imperial Japanese Navy started the War In The Pacific with the largest and most modern carrier fleet in the world at that time.

 

The most varied fleet of submarines of World War II were underway with the Imperial Japanese Navy. The submarines included Kaiten,the manned torpedoes, the Kohytoeki and Kairyu midget submarines and medium-range submarines, the purpose-built supply submarines, for use by the Imperial Japanese Army, and the long-range fleet submarines,many of which carried aircraft.

 

Three submarines with the highest submerged speeds of the conflict were built but never put to sea, during World War II.

 

The Senotku I-400 submarine, World War II’s largest submarine did put to sea. The crew of 144 men sailed the 400 foot-long submarine, which could launch three sea planes. The Senotku surrendered to the crew of a United States Navy destroyer.

 

The IJN submarines were equipped with the most advanced torpedo of the conflict, the Type 95 torpedo.

 

By the end of World War II, the majority of the world’s third largest navy rested at the bottom of the world’s oceans. However, there were still at least 2,000,000 men under arms and 3,000 aircraft on the mainland of Japan.

 

The first atomic bomb was named “Thin Man” by Robert Serber for the Dashiell Hammett detective novel and series of movies of the same name. Serber named all three bombs.

 

Little Boy” got it’s name from the design shape to contrast it from “Thin Man.” “Little Boy” fell on Hiroshima, it was the first target due to its military and industrial values. Hiroshima was the home of the Japanese 5th Division and the 2nd Army Headquarters.

 

War planners would of looked at Hiroshima Bay on the map to consider Hiroshima a port in southern Japan. War planners would of noticed that the mountains around the city should contain the A-bomb blast and increase the level of destruction.

 

The Kokura Arsenal in Kokura, which produced bayonets, rifles and other war equipment was the designated target of the second nuclear bombing mission, but cloud cover over the target area, meant the aircraft would proceed to the secondary target site : Nagasaki.

 

Fat Man” the second atomic bomb fell on Nagasaki, an important sea port in southern Japan.

Fat Man”, the second atomic bomb was named after Sydney Greenstreets’s character in “The Maltese Falcon” from the Dashiell Hammett novel. “Fat Man” was the second plutonium atomic bomb the first “The Gadget” had been detonated in a July 16,1945 test, near Alamagordo, New Mexico.

Fat Man” destroyed the Mitsubishi Steel and Arms Works and the Mitsubishi-Urakami Torpedo Works in Nagasaki. Torpedoes used in the attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii had been built in the Nagasaki torpedo plant.

World War II as “The Deadliest Conflict In Human History” reminds people that War destroys lives, changes the terrain and infrastructure of nations, and creates issues that will irradiate for years, decades and centuries. The Nuclear Explosions Of World War II demonstrated “The Power” that can be used to end a War.

Victory In Japan Day meant that the hostilities had stopped and people took to the streets to riot or celebrate. The Formal Surrender of Japan to The Allies would occur Sunday,September 2, 1945 aboard the United States Navy’s battleship, USS Missouri.

There have been Wars and all types of military actions throughout the globe since V-J Day and the formal surrender. Since humanity relies on War to settle disputes there will be more Wars.

The World War II Lesson that has stood the test of time, so far, is No Nation is currently willing to detonate a Nuclear Weapon in War.

Sam

FotoSketcher - TRINITY SHOT NUCLEAR TEST EXPLOSION JULY 16 1945 US GOVERNMENT PHOTO IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN THUMBNAIL PHOTO ICON

Links

Wikipedia

The Gadget”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Gadget

Wikipedia

Thin Man”

Atomic Bomb

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thin_Man_%28nuclear_bomb%29

Wikipedia

Fat Man”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fat_Man

Wikipedia

Little Boy”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Boy

Wikipedia

Kyūjō Incident

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ky%C5%ABj%C5%8D_Incident

Wikipedia

Imperial Japanese Army

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Japanese_Army

History.com

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/japans-surrender-made-public#

 

Wikipedia

Victory over Japan Day

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victory_over_Japan_Day#

 

Wikipedia

V-J Day in Times Square

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/V-J_Day_in_Times_Square

Wikipedia

President Of The United States Of America Harry S. Truman

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_S._Truman

Wikipedia

United States General Of The Army Douglas MacArthur

Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Douglas_MacArthur

Damn Interesting

World War II America Warned Hiroshima and Nagasaki Citizens

http://www.damninteresting.com/ww2-america-warned-hiroshima-and-nagasaki-citizens/

The New York Times On The Web Learning Network On This Day

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0814.html

 

 

Life Magazine V-J Day, 1945: A Nation Lets Loose

http://life.time.com/history/v-j-day-kiss-in-times-square-and-other-celebrations-august-14-1945/?iid=lf|mostpop#1

 

Celebration Of VJ Day – US National Archives on You Tube

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rieVqZh1Nm4

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